Author: Tshering

Growing begonias: planting, overwintering & tips for begonia care

Growing begonias: planting, overwintering & tips for begonia care

Begonias produce splendid flowers when cared for properly. Here you can find out everything about planting and caring for begonias with tips for extra-long flowering. Surely you have heard of the begonia (Begonia) with its one-of-a-kind crooked leaves. You have likely seen them around or…

Pruning cherry trees: the best time & method for pruning cherries

Pruning cherry trees: the best time & method for pruning cherries

When do you prune cherry trees? Is there a difference when cutting young and old cherry trees? How to cut sour and sweet cherries? Find out everything you need to know about pruning cherry trees here. Many gardeners aspire having their very own fruit tree…

Fruits rich in vitamin C: top 15 immunity-supporting fruits

Fruits rich in vitamin C: top 15 immunity-supporting fruits

Many people swear by vitamin C to strengthen their immune system and get through the winter well. But which fruit is highest in vitamin C? We have selected 15 types of fruit with lots of vitamin C that you can include in your diet to prevent colds in winter.

Hardly any other nutrient is as important for the body as vitamin C: the ascorbic acid is not only involved in building up connective tissue, but also protects the body from free radicals and promotes the absorption of iron. However, what vitamin C is most known for is its role in immune defence. For example, a sufficient intake of vitamin C is said to strengthen the immune system and reduce susceptibility to colds and as well as their duration. Therefore, especially in winter, many people pay attention to a diet rich in vitamins. But which fruit has the most vitamin C? Here you will find an overview of the best natural sources of vitamin C.

1. Kakadu plum

With a vitamin C content of 2,300 to 3,150 mg per 100 g of pulp, the Kakadu plum (Terminalia ferdinandiana; also known as gubinge and billygoat plum) is very likely the fruit with the highest content of vitamin C. The green, oval-shaped fruits of the Kakadu plum are unfortunately not very well known outside Australia and are therefore extremely rare to find in Europe or the US. However, interest in this unique plum is gradually growing. Not only its high vitamin C content, but also its pleasant taste, which is said to be reminiscent of apricot and plum, is responsible for the plant’s growing popularity.

2. Camu camu

This fruit is regarded as the new “superfood” from the Amazon rainforest. The Camu camu (Myrciaria dubia) is still rather unknown to most but it has recently started to grow in popularity. With almost 1,800 mg vitamin C and numerous secondary plant substances, the exotic fruit is said to not only support the immune system but also have a positive effect on the gastro-intestinal tract.

3. Acerola or wild crapemyrtle

With just under 1,700 mg per 100 g, acerola (Malpighia glabra) simply cannot be missing from our list of fruits rich in vitamin C. The healthy fruit also contains provitamin A and various B vitamins. Unfortunately, the red exotic fruit is seldom found fresh in Europe and is mostly available as juice or dried. Although this reduces the vitamin C content, acerola is still a real vitamin bomb even in the dry or liquid form.

acerola fruit
The fruit of acerola is rich in both vitamins B and vitamin C [Shutterstock.com/GETSARAPORN]

4. Rose hips

Roses (Rosa) have a firm place in many gardens. Unfortunately, rose hips, which ripen in autumn on many wild rose species, are only rarely used. This is a great shame as there is hardly any other native plant in Europe with so much vitamin C. Depending on the variety, up to 500 mg of the immune system-promoting substance is contained in just 100 g of rose hips. What is more, rose hips are anything but boring in terms of taste, and their fruity flavour can be enjoyed raw or as tea or jam.

5. Seaberry

The sea buckthorn or seaberry (Hippophae rhamnoides) is often teasingly referred to as the “lemon of the north” because it has a rather sour taste. In terms of vitamin C content, however, the seaberry far outstrips the lemon. At 450 mg per 100 g, the small fruit contains almost ten times as much vitamin C as the healthy citrus fruit. Because the berries of the sea buckthorn form on the plant from December to spring, this rich in vitamin C fruit is a perfect nutrient supplement in winter.

6. Guava

Only rarely does the common guava (Psidium guajava) stray onto the plate in Europe. That’s a pity, because the tropical exotic has a number of benefits. It can score points not only with its bright pink or orange flesh, but also with its pleasant sweet and sour aroma. In addition, with 273 mg vitamin C per 100 g, guava is an excellent source of nutrients and, with just under 34 kcal, is a great low-calorie snack.

guava fruit
The bright pink flesh of guava is incredibly healthy [Shutterstock.com/Julio Ricco]

7. Black currant

No other native to Europe fruit has as much vitamin C as the black currant (Ribes nigrum): at just under 180 mg per 100 g, the small berries even have almost five times more vitamin C than their close relative, red currant. In Europe, the black currant is unfortunately only in season from June to August. However, it can also be easily processed into jam or juice and thus be preserved for the winter months. Alternatively, you can also store the black currant in the freezer and, in this way, have access to it whenever needed throughout winter.

8. Papaya

Covering your entire daily vitamin C requirement with just one fruit? No problem with papaya (Carica papaya) – this tropical fruit contains a whopping 80 mg per 100 g. The papaya is also an excellent source of potassium. The tropical fruit can be found in Northern hemisphere supermarkets all year round and is therefore also suitable for the winter season. When buying papayas, however, you should be careful to choose fruits that are still unripe, as they will continue to ripen even after you purchase them.

papaya fruit
If you snack on papaya, you are sure to fulfil you daily vitamin C needs [Shutterstock.com/Topnmp]

9. Strawberry

Many children wait impatiently for May, when the strawberry season finally starts again, and the sweet fruits can be eaten fresh from the field. Many adults are just as elated when the strawberry season begins. Hardly anyone can resist the aromatic temptation of strawberries.  Fortunately, the strawberry (Fragaria) is extremely healthy: with 65 mg vitamin C and just 32 kcal per 100 g, these red berries should be a part of everybody’s diet.

10. Lemon

If you think of a fruit rich in vitamin C, you simply can’t forget lemon (Citrus × lime). The sour citrus fruit has always had a reputation for being particularly rich in nutrients. Many people think that lemon is the fruit with most vitamin C. But how much vitamin C is in lemon really? Actually, at around 53 mg, lemon is surprisingly just in the middle of our list. Nevertheless, drinking some hot lemon water as a household remedy for colds definitely won’t do any harm.

11. Orange

An orange juice in the morning is not only delicious, but also helps to cover the daily vitamin C intake: with around 50 mg per 100 g, this delicious citrus fruit proves to be a perfect source of vitamins. Moreover, the orange (Citrus sinensis L.) also contains numerous minerals such as potassium, magnesium and calcium.

12. Grapefruit

With its slightly bitter taste, the grapefruit (Citrus paradisi L.) is not for everyone. But if you are not put off by this, you can benefit from including grapefruit in your diet. Grapefruit not only contains just under 40 mg of vitamin C per 100 g – its bitter substance naringin also lowers cholesterol levels and can even have a positive effect on blood sugar levels.

grapefruit pieces
Grapefruit is not only beneficial because of its vitamin C content but also because it can lower cholesterol levels [Shutterstock.com/Africa Studio]

13. Mango

Mangos (Mangifera indica) are not only popular because of their sweet aroma – their high vitamin C content of 39 mg per 100 g means that this fruit is extremely beneficial for human health. In addition, B vitamins, vitamin E and a low concentration of acids ensure that the mango is one of the most popular tropical fruits in Europe.

mango fruit on the table
Adding mango to your diet is sure to benefit your health and improve your vitamin C intake [Shutterstock.com/ Valentyn Volkov]

14. Red currant

Whether as jam or fresh from the plant – the red currant (Ribes rubrum) with its sour taste is a delight for many. Due to its low calorie and fat content, these berries are also considered extremely healthy. Of course, red currants are also high in vitamin C: on average, 100 g of the berries has 36 mg, which means that these fruits are a true vitamin C bomb.

15. Gooseberry

Gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa) are for many too sour and were therefore long considered to be inedible – but, in fact, their taste is pleasantly refreshing and sweet-sour. This makes them a real treat for the palate. Our health also benefits greatly from including these berries in our diets: with a vitamin C content of 34 mg per 100 g, as well as a high vitamin A and vitamin E content, the gooseberry is an exceptional source of nutrients.

A popular garden berry, the gooseberry, is perfect if you want to add a bit more vitamin C to your diet [Shutterstock.com/Shyripa Alexandr]

If you would like to learn more about which other berry varieties are healthy and worth-growing in the garden, read here. We have also written an article on the weirdest fruit in the world, which might surprise you.

Growing hostas: varieties, ideal conditions & care

Growing hostas: varieties, ideal conditions & care

The best feature of the beautiful leafy ornamental shrub called hosta is its simple elegance. Here you can learn how to grow hostas – from planting to how to care for hostas. Not all places in the garden are spoiled by the sun and it…

Clothes moths: detection, prevention & control

Clothes moths: detection, prevention & control

How to recognise clothing moths and their larvae and how to combat the clothes-eating moths successfully? Here are all our tips for fighting common clothes moths in the house. When it comes to clothing, there is nothing quite as infuriating as small holes in your…

What do butterflies eat?

What do butterflies eat?

Many gardeners want butterflies in their garden. Learn which plants attract butterflies into the garden and what food do butterflies eat in this article.

For many people butterflies are the epitome of elegance and beauty. Children in particular are fascinated by these insects with brightly coloured wings and are happy when they can observe the beautiful butterflies in the wild. It is a goal of many gardeners to lure these gorgeous creatures into their garden. This works best if you offer the butterflies a good food supply in your garden. But what do butterflies like to eat and what plants do they prefer to forage on? In this article, you can learn everything about the feeding habits of butterflies and find out how you can additionally support these animals in your garden.

What do butterflies like to eat?

Most people know what a butterfly looks like and how it develops from a caterpillar into an adult insect. But what butterflies eat remains unknown to many. It all depends on the particular species of butterfly. Butterfly species that are native to Europe (like the common brimstone, for example) feed mainly on nectar. Butterflies eat their food with their mouthpart, the so-called proboscis. The proboscis functions like a straw and can be curled up between meals. This way of feeding allows butterflies to use many plants that are inaccessible to other beneficial insects such as bees – making butterflies an essential pollinator for many plants. Some of you might also wonder: what do moths like to eat? Moths also feed on nectar.

Most species of butterflies fly from March to April and are then on the lookout for food. Between November and February, however, only six butterfly species are found, which overwinter in Central Europe in their adult form. Normally, these winter species are in the hibernation and appear only when the weather is exceptionally warm.

However, there are also butterflies and moths that prefer a different diet. Some, such as the small emperor moth, do not eat anything at all during their short lifespan. Therefore, their proboscis is stunted. Other butterflies prefer plant juices or fallen fruit as food. Some even feed on the honeydew of aphids. In some tropical regions, there are exotic types of butterflies that use tears, sweat or even blood as a source of food. In Europe, this is not a common source of food for butterflies – European species like to keep to plants.

Which plants are a good source of food for butterflies?

If you want to attract butterflies to your garden with food, you should know that different species of butterflies prefer completely different plants to feed on. Painted lady butterflies mainly like alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and red clover (Trifolium pratense) as food, but they also enjoy the thistle (Carduus acanthoides). Common brimstones, on the other hand, prefer plants such as the purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) or plants from the genus Centaurea as food. The diet of moths also depends on the species in question. With their long proboscis, hawk moths snack on the hidden nectar from hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium) and phlox (Phlox). The silver Y is less picky and visits flowers of all kinds.

In order to attract as many different butterfly species in the garden as possible, it can be worthwhile to grow various butterfly-friendly plants such as the common heather (Calluna vulgaris), dock (Rumex) or dandelion (Taraxacum), which are liked by numerous species of these insects. In order to avoid having to collect all the plant seeds yourself, it is helpful to use butterfly-friendly seeds. Such seed mixes contain the seeds of plants that many species of butterflies can feed on.

In addition, perennial plants can also be grown in the garden to attract butterflies. The most popular food sources for butterflies are, for example, willows (Salix) and blackthorn (Prunus spinosa). Butterflies also like to use the nectar of blueberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) and lilacs (Buddleja) as food. All in all, the more plant species you grow, the more butterflies will visit your garden.

In addition to food for butterflies, the supply of something to drink is of course also important. But what do butterflies drink? As a matter of fact, butterflies cover their liquid requirements mainly by absorbing liquid nectar and other plant juices. Only on particularly hot days or to balance their mineral intake do butterflies occasionally visit small puddles to drink water from them.

On extremely hot days, butterflies and moths will drink from puddles or droplets of water on plants [Shutterstock.com/ Sonesa]

What can I feed the butterflies with?

In general, the best food for butterflies is the food they can collect themselves from a colourful flower meadow – a garden full of butterfly-friendly plants is therefore the best way to feed butterflies. However, if you find a butterfly that is obviously exhausted and seems to be struggling, you can help it with a little snack. To do this, dissolve one-part sugar in four parts water. Then, dip a clean sponge into the sugary solution. The butterflies will then drink the sugary liquid from the sponge using their long sucking trunk.

Bowls or plates with sugar water should be avoided, because the liquid could get onto the wings of the butterflies. In the worst case, the wings could stick together preventing the butterfly from flying.

Another way to feed butterflies is with oranges. To do this, simply cut the fruit into centimetre-thick slices and drape them on a kitchen towel so that the excess fruit juice cannot stick to the wings of the butterflies. The butterflies can then suck the sweet fruit juice out of the orange slices.

Would you like to attract other types of pollinators into your garden or balcony too? We have prepared articles on bee-friendly plants and bee-friendly balcony plants here.

How to eat a pomelo: peeling pomelo the right way

How to eat a pomelo: peeling pomelo the right way

Eating pomelos and peeling them properly is quite easy. Learn how to peel and eat the big citrus fruit easily. The pomelo, also called pummelo or shaddock, is a truly unique fruit. The greatest quality of the pomelo, is without a doubt its exceptional flavour.…

Green types of tomatoes: the best green varieties to grow

Green types of tomatoes: the best green varieties to grow

How do you cultivate green tomatoes? And how to tell when the green tomatoes are ripe? We present the best green tomato varieties and give tips on planting and harvesting them. Ripe, but green tomatoes? Yes, this is possible! Even if you have to take…

Types of lilies: an overview of the most popular varieties

Types of lilies: an overview of the most popular varieties

Lilies are one of the best-known ornamental plants. In this article, we list all of the lily species with the most beautiful colours as well as hardy lilies.

Some species of lilies (Lilium) belong to the oldest ornamental plants cultivated. If you take a look at the large, elegant flowers of the lilies, you will immediately understand why the plants have been arousing the interest of countless flower enthusiasts for so long. There is a specific way, in which lilies are classified. In fact, there are nine divisions which serve to classify over 2000 lily species as well as their varieties and hybrids. Eight of these divisions are devoted to hybrids and provide information about crosses between species. Intensive crossing has resulted in a plethora of lily varieties in all possible flower colours and shapes. However, these varieties differ not only in appearance. They have different demands on the location and are sometimes more, sometimes less hardy. We can help you find a lily plant that will be perfect for your garden or for a pot of your choosing.

The 10 most beautiful lily species and varieties

Beauty is, of course, highly subjective. Which of the innumerable species and their hybrids are the most beautiful depends on the individual taste. But with such a wide range of flower colours, shapes and sizes, one thing is certain: every flower lover is sure to find a variety that will make their heart beat faster. Oriental and Asian lily hybrids produce strikingly colourful and large flowers that you won’t be able to take your eyes off. Here are a few gorgeous lily varieties of the most beautiful (hybrid) species in an overview:

1. Oriental hybrids

Usually, oriental lily hybrids have intensely fragrant flowers that are enthroned horizontally on the flower stems. They are great for flower arrangements and bouquets.

  • ‘Casa Blanca’: tropical white flowers with striking red stigmas; flowering time: August – September; growth height over 1 m; sunny to semi-shady location; hardy and suitable for pot cultivation
  • ‘Muscadet’: innocent white flowers; flowering time: July – August; growth height up to 1 m; winter-hardy to -15 °C; semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Stargazer’: white fragrant flowers with bright red markings towards the middle of the leaf; flowering time: July – August; growth height up to 1 m; also suitable as potted plants; semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Tiger Woods’: white and purple striped flowers; flowering time: July – August; growth height over 1 m; sunny location
  • ‘Roselily Carolina’: beautiful white flowers with honey yellow midrib; flowering time: July – August; growth height up to 1 m; sunny location; suitable for pot cultivation
  • ‘Big Brother’: large white to honey-yellow flowers; flowering time: August – September; height of growth about 90 cm; for full sun and dry locations
  • ‘Gold Band’: cream white flowers with yellow midrib and red-orange speckles; flowering time: August – September; growth height about 90 cm; for full sun and dry locations
  • ‘Blushing Girl’: adorably white, double flowers with yellow midrib and red spots; growth height about 80 cm; for full sun and dry locations
  • ‘Exotic Sun’: double yellow flowers with a striking flower edge; growth height about 1 m; semi-shady to shady habitat
  • ‘Montego Bay’: sunshine yellow to red flowers; flowering time: July – August; growth height over 1 m, half shady location
  • ‘Extravaganza’: dainty white flowers with cute pink speckles; flowering time: August – September; growth height about 90 cm; for full sun and dry locations
  • ‘Dizzy’: white flowers with a pink midrib and striking pink speckles; growth height over 1 m; sunny to semi-shady habit
  • ‘Pimento’: flowers with a beautiful range of colours of white, pink and bright carmine; flowering time: July – August; growth height up to 75 cm; winter-hardy to -15 °C; semi-shady location
  • ‘Josephine’: fragrant, delicate pink flowers; flowering time: July – August; frost hardy down to -15 °C; semi-shady location
  • ‘Magic Star’: double pink flowers with pink centre; grows over 1 m tall; sunny to semi-shady habitat

2. Asiatic lily hybrids

Asiatic lilies and their hybrids come in three different flower forms. The flowers can be elegantly upward-facing and star-shaped, sideways and star-shaped or over-hanging with their petals curved backwards. A truly unique feast for the eyes are the double-flowered varieties, which are a sinus-friendly alternative for those of us who are allergic to pollen. The hybrids are crosses of various Asiatic lilies such as the tiger lily and are extremely easy to care for. The main flowering time is July.

  • ‘Purple Eye’: dark purple flower; flowering time: July – August; height of growth up to 1 m
  • ‘Orange’: pleasant orange, star-shaped flowers; full sun and dry locations; flowering time: July
  • ‘Tango Strawberry and Cream’: delicate vintage pink, star-shaped flowers with a dark pink centre; flowering time: July
  • ‘Whistler’: brown flower centres with salmon coloured star-shaped petals; flowering time: July; for full sun and dry locations
  • ‘Cinnabar’: bright red star-shaped flowers with dark brown speckles; grows up to 80 cm tall
  • ‘Connecticut Glow’: bears many dark carmine red star-shaped flowers; flowering time: July; grows up to 1 m tall
  • ‘Enchantment’: star to cup-shaped flowers in bright orange with black speckles; flowering time: June; grows to 1 m tall
  • ‘Fire King’: striking red flowers protruding from the side of the stem; grows over 1 m tall
  • ‘Nutmegger’: sunshine yellow, overhanging flowers with dark brown dots; flowering time: July; growth height over 1 m
  • ‘Annemarie’s Dream’: white, double flowers; flowering time: May – August; growth height up to 1 m; sunny location
  • ‘Night Flyer’: dark purple flower with backward curled petals; flowering time: May – August; growth height about 1 m; sunny location
types of lilies
The ‘Night Flyer’ lily variety is sure to impress everyone, who will walk through your garden [Shutterstock.com/Dee Dalasio]
  • ‘Luxor’: beautiful white flowers with a honey yellow centre and orange dots; flowering time: May – August, growing height up to 1 m; sunny to semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Linda’: yellow to red flowers of the colour of sunrise; flowering time: May – August; growth height up to 1 m; sunny location
  • ‘Forever Susan’: red pattern on orange background; flowering time: May – August; growing height up to 1 m; sunny location; hardy
  • ‘Spring Pink’: develop gorgeous double pink flowers; flowering time: May – August; height of growth: up to 1 m; hardy
  • ‘Cancun’: beautiful colour gradient from yellow to orange to red; flowering time: June – August; height of growth: up to 1 m; sunny location; hardy
  • ‘Rosellas’s Dream’: pink flowers with darker tips; flowering time: June – August; semi-shady to sunny location
  • ‘Cocktail Twins’: double orange to red flowers with yellow shading; flowering time: May – August; growth height: up to 90 cm; sunny location
  • ‘Red Electric’: fragrant red flowers with pink edges; flowering time: June – August; growth height over 1 m; sunny to semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Little Kiss’: many small, peach-coloured flowers; growing height up to 1 m

3. Tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium)

The exotic Asian lilies are guaranteed to be winter hardy and extremely undemanding beyond the offered location. The plants, which rarely grow higher than a metre, thrive in the full sun as well as in the partial shade and complete shadow. The flowering time is usually from June to August but can also extend well into September. The flowers are usually conspicuously spotted.

  • ‘Flore Pleno’: orange flowers covered with dark brown speckles; flowering time: July – August; growth height over 1 m
  • ‘Splendens’: orange flowers with brown dots; flowering time: July – September
  • ‘Pink Flavour’: vintage pink flowers with a golden yellow centre and dull pink speckles; flowering time: July – September
  • ‘Salmon Tiger’: salmon coloured, speckled flowers
  • ‘Tiger White’: delicate, white flowers
  • ‘Flore Plenum’: double orange flowers with black spots
  • ‘Double Sensation’: dark pink double inflorescences with white centres and tips

4. Turk’s cap Lillies (Lilium martagon)

Martagon lilies, also referred to as Turk’s cap lilies, are very eye-catching with their strongly curled and rather small flowers. They reach growth heights of up to two metres and bloom from June to August. Their lovely scent spreads all over the garden especially in the evening hours. The small-growing lilies of this group are suitable for rockeries.

  • ‘Album’: white flowers
  • ‘Pink Morning’: pink flowers with dark, fine speckles; sunny to semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Orange Jam’: warm orange flowers; sunny to semi-shady habitat
  • ‘Maroon King’: dark Bordeaux flowers with orange rings; sunny to semi-shady position
  • ‘Guinea Gold’: bright yellow flowers with red dots; sunny to semi-shady location
  • ‘Manitoba Morning’: flowers in a vibrant salmon shade with pink yellow dots; sunny to semi-shady position
  • ‘Terrace City’: orange flowers with pink speckles and curled petals
  • ‘Peppard Gold’: pink dotted flowers with a golden yellow base and a pink shimmer

5. Royal lilies (Lilium regale)

Royal lilies, also called regal or king’s lilies, usually do not start flowering until mid-June. In the wild, the slightly drooping flowers are usually white. Crossing has introduced a lot of colours even to these types of lilies. The funnel-shaped flowers have slightly curved petals. These lilies can grow up to one and a half metre tall.

  • ‘African Queen’: orange flowers
  • ‘Golden Splendour’: golden yellow, large flowers
  • ‘Lady Alice’: yellow flowers with an orange centre
lily varieties
‘Lady Alice’ lily variety is a great option for those who love classic and elegant types of lilies [Shutterstock.com/Garmasheva Natalia]
  • ‘Pink Perfection’: dark pink flowers
  • ‘Regular Album’: snow white flowers with a yellow centre
  • ‘Casa Rosa’: pink coloured flowers with a touch of apricot-orange and a blush of red
  • ‘White Heaven’: heavenly white flowers
  • ‘Lankon’: white flowers with purple speckles
  • ‘Triumphator’: bright pink flower centres with primarily white petals
  • ‘Royal Gold’: bright sunshine-yellow flowers

6. Fire lilies (Lilium bulbiferum)

The flowers of varieties of this species and their hybrids are usually orange-red with brown speckles. The stem is reminiscent of flamed wood with its red and black spots. The flowers, which stand upright and form umbels, appear on the plant between May and July. Unlike most of the other lily species, fire lilies form their bulbs in the leaf axils.

7. Madonna lilies (Lilium candidum)

The spicy-scented flowers of the Madonna Lily are innocently white in their wild form. They grow up to one meter tall and are hardy. Its flowers, which appear from May to September, are the epitome of the elegance, which is frequently associated with lilies. The religious symbolism is reflected in the names of some of the varieties, such as ‘Saint Anthony’.

8. Goldband lilies (Lilium auratum)

Goldband lilies, also referred to as golden rayed lilies, have high stems of up to one and a half meters at the end of which large, bowl-shaped flowers are enthroned. The wild forms have white flowers with a yellow midrib and reddish-brown spots, which have an intense scent and appear from August to September. The varieties ‘Miss Lucy’, ‘Fata Morgana’ and ‘Red Twin’ display especially beautiful double flowers.

9. Lilium speciosum

The species has small flowers with petals that bend strongly backwards. These types of lilies prefer a nice sunny location where they will show their flowers from August to September.

  • ‘Rubrum’: pink flowers with pink speckles that brighten towards the edge
  • ‘Album’: pure white, red or pink flowers with dark anthers
  • ‘Uchida’: waved pink petals with slightly darker dots
types of lilies
This beauty is the lily variety ‘Uchida’ and it belongs to the Lilium speciosum group [Shutterstock.com/]Manuel Ascanio

10. Easter lilies (Lilium longiflorum)

Another lily species on our list are the Easter lilies. They grow to a height of about one metre and flower from May to June. The strongly scented flowers are trumpet-shaped and tend to face to the side. Apart from a touch of green at the base of the outer petals, the flowers are completely white. These plants do best in calcareous soils.

  • ‘Nellie White’: white flowers with a yellow centre
  • ‘Deliana’: cream yellow flowers
  • ‘Elegant Lady’: pink flowers with a beautiful pattern
  • ‘Triumphator’: white flowers with a pink centre
  • ‘White Elegance’: many white flowers

Hardy lilies

Some lily species are at home in temperate latitudes of the northern hemisphere. They are therefore accustomed to harsher winters and can also be overwintered in temperate climates with the right protection outside in the garden bed. The plants retreat into their bulbs in autumn, only to sprout again in the spring. Most of the garden lilies offered on the market as hardy belong to the group of Asian lily hybrids. They reach heights of up to one metre and form several star-shaped flowers that bloom from June or July. A sunny to semi-shady location with fresh, humus-rich, nutrient-rich and permeable soil is the best for winter hardy lilies. Here are a few particularly robust varieties:

  • ‘Monte Negro’: orange, early flowering variety
  • ‘Netty’s Pride’: deep purple flowers with white tips
  • ‘Grand Cru’: warm orange-red flowers
  • ‘Mapira’: elegant dark purple flowers
  • ‘Yellow County’: small, sunshine-yellow flowers
  • Nepalese lilies, for example ‘Kushi Maya’ with crimson petals and white-yellow tips
  • ‘Forever Susan’: red pattern on an orange background
lily variety forever susan
‘Forever Susan’ is one of the most extravagant types of lilies you can grow [Shutterstock.com/Gardens by Design]
  • ‘Spring Pink’: bright pink flowers
  • ‘Cancun’: beautiful colour gradient from yellow to orange to red

It is not just the Asian lilies that are winter hardy. The following types of lilies can also withstand a winter outside provided that appropriate winter protection is ensured:

Tree lily: Fragrant large flowers between June and August; can grow up to 2.5 m tall; location: sunny and sheltered from the wind with permeable, nutrient-rich and humus-rich soil; hardy varieties: ‘Anastasia’ with pink flowers, ‘Honeymoon’ with sunshine-yellow flowers, ‘Lavon’ with yellow flowers and a red centre, ‘On Stage’ with delicate pink flowers and a yellow midrib, ‘Boogie Woogie’ with honey-yellow flowers that turn copper towards the edge.

Panther lily (Lilium pardalinum): American variety; the backward curled flowers appear in August; the flowers shine in yellow-orange with red tips and brown dots; growth height up to over 2 m; location with lime-free soil.

Canada lily (Lilium canadense): American variety; in June and July the umbel-shaped inflorescences bloom, containing up to 20 flowers; growth height over 1 m; location with lime-free soil.

Lilium oriental: Several, strongly scented flowers; flowering: July – August; flower colours: white and yellow or pink; petals mostly curled or wavy; especially beautiful in flower arrangements; location: partial shade with calcareous soil; hardy varieties: ‘Casa Blanca’, ‘Josephine’, ‘Muscadet’, ‘Pimento’.

Lilium aurelianum: Several trumpet-shaped, hanging flowers; strong, sweetish fragrance; up to 1.5 m tall; flowering time: July – August; habitat: light shade; hardy varieties: ‘Royal Gold’, ‘Pink Perfection’, ‘White Elegance’.

Turk’s cap lily (Lilium martagon; Lilium cernuum): Up to seven delicately scented flowers, shaped like a turban; habitat: semi-shade with calcareous soil; hardy varieties: ‘Manitoba Morning’, ‘Orange Jam’, ‘Guinea Gold’.

Fire lily (Lilium bulbiferum): Usually orange flowers with brown spots; umbel flowers up to 20 blooms and 1 m tall; habitat: sunny and slightly calcareous soil.

Tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium): Several hanging flowers with spotted petals that bend backwards.

Madonna lily (Lilium candidum): Canadian variety; up to eight beautiful white flowers; growing height up to 1 m; hardy with winter protection; habitat: sunny with fresh and loose, calcareous soil.

types of lilies
Madonna lilies can also be found in the wild in some areas of the world [Shutterstock.com/alybaba]

Goldband lily (Lilium auratum): Several fragrant, large flowers on a single stem; hardy with light winter protection; habitat: cool and moist; hardy varieties: ‘Cupido’, ‘Sphinx’, ‘Nobility’.

Lily species for the pot

Smaller varieties of lilies are particularly suitable for cultivation in pots. Of course, you can also cultivate larger lilies in a correspondingly large pot. Representatives of Lilium oriental and their hybrids have shown the best results in pots. With the following varieties you can also bring the flowering splendour of the lilies to your balcony or living room:

  • ‘Apricot Fudge’: striking round buds and orange flowers; flowering time: June – July; growth height up to 80 cm
types of lilies
If you on a hunt for a lily variety to grow in a pot, ‘Apricot Fudge’ is a great option [Shutterstock.com/crystaldream]
  • ‘Avignon’: Asian hybrid lily with scarlet red flowers; flowering time: May – July; grows up to 60 cm tall
  • ‘Anges Dream’: large growing variety
  • ‘Conca d’Or’: several large yellow flowers with white edges; flowering time: July – August; growth height up to 1 m
  • ‘Corsage’: pink to yellow petals with pink spots; flowering time: June – July; height up to 60 cm
  • ‘Eyeliner’: elegant white flowers with purple speckles and borders; flowering time: June – July; height up to 60 cm
  • ‘Hotline’: white flowers that turn a bright pink towards the edge; flowering time: August – September; growth height up to 1 m
  • ‘Le Rève’: bright pink flowers; flowering time: July – August; height up to 80 cm
  • ‘Marco Polo’: delicate pink flowers with pink speckles; flowering time: July – August; height up to 1.5 m
  • ‘Mona Lisa’: fragrant pink flowers; flowering time: May – September; height up to 90 cm
  • Varieties of the Goldband lilies (Lilium auratum): white flowers with yellow colouring in the leaf vein area and small red speckles; flowering time: July – August; height of growth up to 1 m

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